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The LUKSO Standard Proposals (LSPs)

Discover the LSPs, the standards that represent the foundation of LUKSO's ecosystem. They can be used as building blocks and combined to create new and innovative protocols or dApps on the LUKSO Blockchain.

The LSPs introduce new concepts like blockchain-based accounts (e.g: Universal Profiles), Digital Assets, and NFT 2.0.

The current blockchain experience comes with many limitations, not necessarily because of the complexity but due to the broken infrastructure represented by the old underlying tools and standards used to operate on the network.

Change should start from the bottom to create a better user experience on the blockchain, from fundamental pieces to the top. Topics related to identity, assets representation, relay execution and smart contract interaction require standardization. Such standards should be flexible enough to support and allow more potential use cases in the future.

The following documentation describes the fundamentals of the standards and technical aspects of the LUKSO ecosystem.


The LSP standards are not order-dependent. They can be related to each other in a backward or forward order.

Meaning a LSP standard could use another one that comes after or before in order. For example LSP0 - ERC725Account uses LSP1 - UniversalReceiver, LSP2 - ERC725YJSONSchema and could use LSP3 - ProfileMetadata, etc.

High Level Overview of Universal Profiles​

👉 📺 If you want to have a presentation that goes more in depth, watch Fabian's Presentation from ETHCC6 2023.


See the Contracts Implementation section for the Solidity implementation of these standards.

The LUKSO Standards Proposals (LSPs) represent the main building blocks of the LUKSO ecosystem. People, groups, and organizations can use them to build blockchain-based applications that aim to maximize the user experience, allow more flexibility and interaction, and open doors to innovation.

The use of smart contracts and standards like the LSPs can mitigate some centralization risks by allowing for decentralized ownership and control of accounts and assets.


The default implementation of these standards in Solidity is available as Open Source Software. They can be used as a base by developers to build their applications.

Developers wishing to understand the logic behind the standards and their tradeoffs within are well-advised to read these documents alongside the Solidity code itself.

Questions? Want to learn more?

Feel free to join the LUKSO Discord server, and ask your questions in the #standards channel.

Our team and community members look forward to helping you understand the standards.

Further Information​